Trees, shrubs, perennials, ferns and vines that are readily available for buffer zone plantings.
The 2009 Buffer Handbook Plant List revision attempts to include more native species and to remove species that are now known to be or suspected of being invasive or which are highly aggressive. Plants were selected that are low-maintenance, long-lived, hardy and sturdy. A few short-lived plants were included if they spread or self-seed easily. Low-maintenance means, for the most part, that plants do not need pruning, staking, mulching or regular dividing. In some cases, these activities may improve the form of the plant but not affect its ability to function in a buffer and therefore can be performed at the discretion of the land owner. Generally, buffer plants should be sturdy and, once established, able to hold their own against weeds and invasive plants. Plants that require little competition to thrive or special care were not included on this list. (2009) By the Maine Department of Environmental Protection. DEPLW0094-A2001.