How to garden with native plants that are well adapted to Maine’s climate.
Maine’s landscape is famous for its variety. Within the state one can find ocean beaches, lakes, rivers, mountains, and forests. Maine is locally influenced by both coastal and inland weather patterns. This creates relatively mild areas, and areas that are almost arctic within the state’s 300 mile length and 200 mile width. Maine rises from sea level to over 5,000 feet in elevation at the top of Mount Katahdin. This wide range of elevation results in a diversity of habitats including flat sandy plains, rolling hills, rounded summits and craggy mountains with shear cliffs. Maine’s forests vary from spruce and fir near the coast, to hardwoods in the western and northern hills. More than 100 types of habitats have been identified with about 1,500 native plant species spread across the state’s varied landscape. (2003) By University of Maine Cooperative Extension.