The compelling evidence for incorporating nature into urban environments, a literature review.
Green Infrastructure is the network of green places and water systems that delivers multiple environmental, social and economic values and services to urban communities. This network includes parks and reserves, backyards and gardens, waterways and wetlands, streets and transport corridors, pathways and greenways, farms and orchards, squares and plazas, business and institutional green areas, roof gardens and living walls, sports fields and cemeteries.
Green Infrastructure is critical to the health, liveability and sustainability of urban environments. It strengthens the resilience of towns and cities to respond to the major current and future challenges of growth, health, climate change and biodiversity loss, as well as water, energy and food security.
Two key features of Green Infrastructure that distinguish it from its ‘grey’ counterparts are mutifunctionality and connectivity. Importantly, Green Infrastructure can deliver multiple benefits from the valuable urban space it occupies, compared with single purpose engineering infrastructure. Green Infrastructure also ‘value adds’ by linking and connecting existing green assets, which provides benefits both for people, by enhancing public use opportunities, and for the environment by improving urban ecosystem health and countering habitat fragmentation. (2012) By Dr. Martin Ely and Sheryn Pitman for the Green Infrastructure Project Botanic Gardens of Adelaide, Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources.
Green Infrastructure webpage at Botanic Gardens of Adelaide